Parathyroid

The parathyroids are four small glands located behind the thyroid gland.  They are involved with helping the body to regulate calcium levels in the bloodstream.  If calcium levels fall, parathyroid hormone is released, which increases calcium levels by increasing calcium absorption from the gut, decreasing calcium excretion from the kidneys and mobilising calcium stores in bone.

parathyroidimage.jpg

If one or more parathyroid glands becomes overactive, calcium levels in the blood rise, known as hypercalcaemia.  This can lead to a number of serious conditions,  such as osteoporosis,  bone fractures and painful kidney stones.

A simple blood test for parathyroid hormone levels and calcium levels can help screen for hyperparathyroidism.  Further imaging tests can determine which parathyroid gland is abnormal.

Suren has completed extensive specialist training for surgery of the parathyroid glands,  including newer less-invasive techniques.  He is happy to arrange any investigations necessary and discuss safe and appropriate surgical options.